This blog entry is another insight that came out of talking with Jeff Sutherland when he was our guest at Xebia.

Pictures can say more than a thousand words, but they can also confuse things. One of the things I didn't get is Type C Scrum, and the only thing I had to go on was a paper by Jeff, and a picture that is generally used to visualise types A, B and C. I now realize that the picture actually made it more difficult for me to understand Type C...

It's supposed to be the most advanced and difficult form of Scrum, and Jeff explained how Type C works at PatientKeeper. Type C is actually a Scrum in a Scrum in a Scrum, or (as Jeff put it) a wheels within wheels thing.

The well-known picture is the one below: note how it shows a Type C as overlapping ovals of the same size. So are you just overlapping Sprints?

Scrum types

Actually... nope. Type C something else entirely.

There is a parallel with the picture that is generally used to explain the daily Scrum, where the daily Scrum is a small gear, turning once every day, meshing with a larger gear, turning once every month. I now picture Type C as a stack of these gears: the daily Scrum, the weekly cycle, the monthly cycle, and the quarterly cycle (at least, this is the set of cycles used at PatientKeeper).

Items of the backlog get assigned to one of these cycles based on their priority and urgency. There's the hold-the-line priority, where all work is dropped to fix a critical issue. Then there are high-priority backlog items that need to be delivered this week, "regular" items for the monthly cycle, and the more strategic improvements and changes for the quarterly cycle.

A team member will work on backlog items in that order: hold-the-line work first, then the weekly items, then the monthly items, and finally the strategic items. Jeff explained that this is a nice incentive for team members: if they get the high priority stuff done, they have time left for, as Jeff put it, "the really interesting stuff": sit back, take a breather and think about how to make the product better, cleaner and cooler.

So the real Type C picture should be this one:

Wheels on wheels

I have never done Type C, but I guess that the biggest challenge is to make sure that the short term stuff does not squeeze out the time for the long-term items. I don't think that assigning items to one of the cycles should be too much of a problem.

I hope that you have less trouble understanding Type C. I know that the new visualisation did the trick for me...